The 1st Area Medical Laboratory (AML) is a highly specialized unit which deploys worldwide to conduct field CBRNE threat detection, confirmation, and medical surveillance. The 1st AML could be employed forward when samples cannot quickly be transported to a fixed facility; or if there is a need for immediate hazard identification in high risk environments with chemical or biological agent contamination, epidemic disease or industrial contamination.
The 1st AML is a subordinate unit of the 20th Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosives Command first activated March, 20, 1942, at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, as one of 19 field medical laboratories activated during World War II. It was deactivated following the Vietnam War and reactivated at APG as the 1st Area Medical Laboratory on Sept. 16, 2004.
Analytical capabilities include:
- CBRNE Threats (field confirmation of biological, chemical and nuclear agents)
- Medical Surveillance (outbreak investigations, health risk assessments)
- Zoonotic and Animal Disease (rabies detection and vector-borne diseases)
AMLs have a unique depth of technical expertise on their teams by employing a combination of scientists, clinicians, and certified techs to include the following positions and augments:
- Environmental Science Officer
- Med Lab Tech /NCO
- Food Inspection NCO
- Health Physics Specialist/NCO
- PrevMed Physician
- Infectious Disease Physician
- Veterinary Pathologist
- Veterinary Microbiologist
- Nuclear Med Science Officer
- Entomologist, Sanitary Engineer
- BioMed Information Management
The 1st AML has tailored deployment team configurations (personnel, vehicles, and equipment pallets) based on the mission requirement.
The 1st Area Medical Laboratory (AML) collaborates with experts at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) at Ft. Detrick, Md., as required.
A sister unit, the 9th Area Medical Laboratory, was decommissioned in July 2012.