National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) - Profiles

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National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

U.S. Department of Commerce
Work 100 Bureau Drive, Stop 1070 Gaithersburg MD 20899 Work Phone: 301-975-6478 Website: National Institute of Standards and Technology


The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a non-regulatory federal agency within the U.S. Department of Commerce. NIST’s mission is to promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve quality of life.

NIST laboratories conduct world-class research, often in close collaboration with industry, which advances technology infrastructure and helps U.S. companies continually improve products and services.

NIST’s weights and measurements services support technologies ranging from nanoscale devices to encryption standards for global communication networks, and provide the basis for the fairness and efficiency of sales.

Highlighted facilities and programs include:

NIST’s FY 2014 resources total $850 million in direct appropriations, an estimated $47 million in service fees, and $107 million from other agencies.


Editor’s Picks: Articles and resources related to NIST. Links may lead to external sites.


Science Stinks: Can This High-Tech Air Sensor Help Sniff Out Trouble?

NIST chemist published results of the first field test of an air sampler called a PLOT-cryo — short for “porous layer open tubular cryogenic adsorption.” This NIST-invented device can be used to detect very low concentrations of chemicals in the air. PLOT-cryo could be used at ports of entry to quickly and safely screen shipping containers for dangerous or illegal cargo.